What was the Cold War?

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The Cold War was essentially military and government tension between the Western and Eastern parts of the world. The Western parts included the United States and NATO, and the Eastern part consisted of the Soviet Union (USSR) and its allies in the Warsaw Pact. There are not any specific beginning and end dates to this long, drawn out war, however, historians have estimated that the war was active during a span from 1947-1991.

The Cold War was titled and described as “cold” because there were no battles of intense or large-scale fighting that ever happened in the span of this war, however, there were more violent wars happening in Korea and Vietnam at different times throughout the lifetime of the Cold War.

The USSR and United States were both two very differently ran countries– both of which were powerhouses with large differences in political stances as well as economical stances, as they differentiated between their senses of communism and democracy. Although they never went into full-forced combat, both sides of the Cold War were very prepared for an intense World War III outbreak that involved major nuclear attacks.

The Cold War began after the aftermath of World War III, as the USSR tried to gain power over several Eastern countries and the United States responded by trying to control and limit the USSR’s power and influence over those European countries. No violent action was made because each side made threats that whoever acted violently first, would be destroyed by the other side.

In the 1970s, both sides showed interest in accommodating to a better international system, and this ended whenever the Soviet Union went to war with Afghanistan. Tension between the two sides rose again in the 1980s, and the United States increased diplomatic, military, and economic pressures on the Soviet Union as they were already dealing with a stagnant economy after the downing of a Korean airplane.

The Cold War came to a halt in August of 1991 after the communist party lost control and was then banned from Russia, therefore ending the intense tension and international system disagreements from both sides.

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